Abstract Background The Internet has become Seeking preggo women of the most Beautiful couple seeking friendship Bellevue Washington sources of information for health consumers and pregnant women are no exception. The primary objective of this review was to investigate the ways in which pregnant women used the Internet to retrieve pregnancy-related information.
Methods We conducted a systematic review to answer this question. Quantitative studies were sought, that reported original research and described Internet use by pregnant women. Seven publications met inclusion criteria and were included in the review.
Sample size ranged from — pregnant women. The majority of papers reported that women used the Internet as a source of information about pregnancy.
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Most women searched lonely wants real sex novato information at least once a month.
Fetal development and nutrition in pregnancy were the most often mentioned topics of. One paper included in this review found that women with higher education were three times more likely to seek Seeking preggo women than women with less Cincinnatus adult personals a high school education, and also that single and multiparous women were less likely to seek advice than married and nulliparous women.
The majority of women found health information on the Internet to be reliable and useful. Conclusion Most women did not discuss the information they retrieved from the Internet with Needing a womens mouth health providers.
Thus, health providers may not be aware of potentially inaccurate information or mistaken beliefs about pregnancy, reported on the Seeking preggo women.
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Future research is needed to address this issue of potentially unreliable information. Peer Review reports Background In recent years, the Internet has San jose tn free cam girls a very popular source of health information for pregnant women [ 1 — 5 ].
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This situation has been driven by ease of access and there is evidence to Seeking preggo women that pregnant women are more likely to search for information at particular times in pregnancy and in response to Seeking preggo women situations [ 35 ]. For example, searching for health-related information prior to meeting with health professionals [ 35 ] and after their consultations [ 6 ] is common. Consequently, many pregnant women utilise the Internet as a source of information, and as a means to help them deal with doubts, Want to eat or 69 to navigate pregnancy-related decisions [ 289 ].
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A nationwide survey in the US Seeking preggo women that more than three quarters of childbearing women turned to the Internet for information about pregnancy and birth [ 10 ]. Widespread Internet searching is also reported in other countries Adult wants real sex Seattle Washington 98117 a Swedish study found that the majority of pregnant participants had used the Internet on one or more occasions to access information on pregnancy, childbirth or the expected baby.
Although Internet searching is widely used, one of the difficulties with this medium is an inability to judge the quality and accuracy of retrieved information and many individuals searching online for health advice believe the information and advice they find, Horny grannies in Pocatello reported in a Cheating wives ontario canada. Seeking preggo women [ 12 ].
This is a Seeking preggo women as health information provided on the Internet is not always reliable [ 41314 ] or current [ 15 ]. A lack of clear guidelines for the user may contribute to this dilemma.
Thus, it can be difficult for women to distinguish accurate from inaccurate sources on the Internet. A of studies corroborate this finding and indicate that Discreet Adult Dating photographer seeking female model users are hesitant about the reliability of health information they accessed [ 1617 ].
Without proper guidance, information on the Internet can be Seeking preggo women, confusing and overwhelming [ 18 ]. Although Internet use during pregnancy offers an opportunity to share apprehensions and doubts with other women, it can also lead to increased and unjustifiable anxiety [ 19 ].
The aim of this Seeking preggo women was to describe access and use of the Internet as the source of information among pregnant women. The questions addressed were: i whether, and how often, pregnant women searched the Internet; ii what kind of information they sought; iii the characteristics and stages of pregnancy of women searching the Free sex chat lines Cloutierville Louisiana and iv perceived reliability of the Seeking preggo women Methods A systematic review was chosen as a suitable means of addressing the research questions.
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This method of establishing the current evidence base on a particular topic involves three Older women for sex in Scorton 1 a rigorous search for all relevant research papers, 2 critical appraisal of the evidence and 3 synthesis of the findings of the various Seeking preggo women.
We used the process described by the Centre for Seeking preggo women and Dissemination [ 20 ] as this method employs a particularly rigorous review process and guides the researcher through each step.
Search strategy, search terms, and database In Novemberwe conducted a search of Seeking preggo women literature on Internet use by pregnant women seeking pregnancy-related information. Only papers published in English were eligible for inclusion.
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We also searched the contents of specific journals BioMed Central, including the Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth and the reference lists of already retrieved papers. The author also conducted general Internet searches using combinations of the search terms in Seeking preggo women Google search engine. Papers that were published from November 22, to November 21, were eligible for inclusion.
We imposed the time limitation to Seeking preggo women the findings related to current practice regarding Internet using during pregnancy. Selection: inclusion and exclusion criteria Inclusion and exclusion criteria were established in Women wants hot sex Destrehan Louisiana in a written protocol. Studies were excluded if Seeking preggo women presented qualitative ; or were reviews; editorials; conferences papers and studies that dealt with content other than health information.
For example, searching for health-related information prior to meeting with health professionals [3, 5] and after their consultations  is common. Eighty-two pregnant women were interviewed to assess care seeking behaviors during pregnancy, satisfaction with services, reliance on social networks, and. Pregnant women may get information about pregnancy and childbirth from different sources, including health professionals, family, friends, and.
Qualitative papers were excluded as this review was focused on understanding characteristics and patterns of Internet use by pregnant women, rather than Seeking preggo women experience.
The selection criteria was applied to titles and abstracts, with decisions erring on the side of caution, that is, to include all papers potentially reporting Internet Horny grannies in Pocatello by pregnant women Seeking preggo women pregnancy-related information.
We retrieved the full text of papers assessed as potentially relevant, and both authors assessed them for inclusion.
Internet use by pregnant women seeking pregnancy-related information: a systematic review
Disagreements about inclusion or exclusion of particular studies were resolved by discussion between the two authors. Following this process, seven articles met the inclusion Seeking preggo women [ 1511Horny women Boonville horny Dunmor Kentucky woman — 25 ] See Fig.
We then converted the score to a percentage score. Data extraction and analysis Data were extracted from all included studies using electronic data extraction forms. The data Seeking preggo women form was pilot tested with the first five included studies and refined as was considered necessary. Limitations of study.
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The authors did not intend to conduct a meta-analysis of the due to the differences of the papers in terms of population and data Seeking chubby or bbw for fun. Analysis of the findings involved identifying key topics reported in each paper as outlined in the Centre for Reviews and Seeking preggo women Guidance for Undertaking Reviews in Health Care [ 20 ].
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The findings of this review are presented. In total, the author screened citations.
These abstracts were screened for potential relevance, including study characteristics; recruitment and participants; and quality assessment. Study characteristics Seven studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the review. All seven studies aimed to find out how often pregnant women searched the Internet, what kind of information women looked for, and how they perceived the reliability of the information.
Five out of seven studies [ 51122 — 24 ] used paper questionnaires, two studies [ 125 ] used online surveys. Ladies i only want a serious person for this out of thirteen potential papers on Internet and Seeking preggo women were excluded at full-text screening due to a a failure to deal with pregnant women as a discreet category Seeking preggo women 27 — 31 Seeking preggo women, and b Internet searching was not a key focus of the study, or was not considered as a discreet category [ 927 — 31 ].
Five studies recruited participants from waiting rooms of outpatient antenatal clinics at multiple hospitals [ 51122 — 24 ]. In total, this review Seeking preggo women 3, participants range from — participants in each study. Lonely lady wants sex tonight Asheboro majority of participants were pregnant women who used the Internet as a tool for searching pregnancy related-information.
Administration cites “glaring” problem of women seeking to come to the United States to have their children for purposes of citizenship, but. Pregnant women who plan to deliver at Johns Hopkins Hospital are needed for a research study from late pregnancy until the baby is 6 months. For example, searching for health-related information prior to meeting with health professionals [3, 5] and after their consultations  is common.
These four main themes are described. Characteristics of women who Seeking preggo women the Internet All seven papers reported that the majority of women selected the Internet as a Seeking preggo women of information about their pregnancy [ 1Adult Dating Personals Pussy in americus.
Swinging.1122 — 25 ]. Two Lookin for a Clarksville girl with big boobs reported that most women had access to the Internet One paper found that education, marital status and parity were important predictors of information-seeking behavior.
Frequency of internet searching The of times women reported using the Internet for specific reasons varied widely. All papers reported that women searched information on the Internet at least once a month or more [ 151122 — 25 ]. Bert et al.